• ISSN (On-line) 2965-1980

Instructions for Authors

BRAD Cases (Brazilian Radiological Cases) is intended for publishing case reports with emphasis on radiological findings.

The maximum number of authors per work is four. Materials sent for publication must necessarily be unpublished and cannot be analyzed, for publication purposes, in any other journal (print or online). Reports may be written in Portuguese orEnglish, andmust follow the official orthographic rules of the respective languages. Case reports from Brazil and other countries will be accepted for evaluation.

The case submitted for evaluation will be forwarded to the editorial service, which will carry out an initial analysis to verify the minimum standards required by the journal and then will be sent to reviewers. Reviewers will always be from institutions other than the institution of origin of the material and will not be aware of the identity of the authors and institution of origin ("blind"). We reaffirm that the opinions expressed in the case reports, including those arising from the review process, are the sole responsibility of the authors. For paper submission, we suggest consulting the instructions contained in "Recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing and publication of scholarly work in medical journals (ICMJE recommendations)", established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, available at: www.icmje .org/icmje-recommendations.pdf.

We reiterate that, even if prepared and submitted in accordance with these recommendations, articles may be checked and edited to suit the style of the portal (see "Ethics in Publications", below).

Texts must be typed in double space (all pages), with margins of at least 3 cm, using Calibri font size 11.

For units and abbreviations, such as radiation measurements and laboratory values, these should be based on the International System Units in Radiation Protection and Measurements, NCRP Report No. 28, August 1985. Abbreviations and acronyms should be avoided when possible and, preferably, should not be included in the title of the case report. When cited in the text, they must be described in full in the first mention and followed by the abbreviation or acronym in parentheses.


In the submission system, each part of the manuscript must be informed in the appropriate field.

1. In thetypeitem, it is mandatory to select the case report option.


2. Title andUniterms

The title of the article must be presented in Portuguese, English and Spanish.

The keywords, from three to five, must be provided, with the respective keywords, in accordance with the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) or with the MedicalSubjectHeadings(MeSH) of the National Library of Medicine (www.nlm.nih. gov/mesh/meshhome.html).


3. Authors and affiliations

Inform the full name of the authors and their respective affiliations. One of the authors must be marked as the corresponding author in the specific field.

For each author, inform the contribution given in the case report, within the options offered.


4. Abstracts

Radiological case summary with up to 50 words in Portuguese, English and Spanish.

On theabstractsinsertion page, there are fields for providing alternative contact e-mails and the ethics committee approval number, if applicable. Authors should also inform if there is any conflict of interest and if the work had any financial support.


5. Content

Authors should send a file in Microsoft Word format (.doc; .docx) containing the following items:

a) Description of the clinical case

Succinct. It must contain a maximum of 50 words.


b) Image findings

The main findings of all the imaging methods involved should be emphasized, using a maximum of 150 words.


c) Discussion

It should focus on the importance of the case, how it was possible to obtain the diagnosis in the reported case. It is suggested that a brief "state-of-the-art" review be included for the diagnosis of the presented condition. The main differential diagnoses can be addressed. The word limit for this section is 400.


d) Differential diagnoses

For didactic purposes, we ask the authors to insert some differential diagnoses related to the case described; at least two.


e) What did I learn from this case?

In a separate paragraph, the authors should briefly describe what they learned from the reported case.


f) Acknowledgments

Acknowledgments, if any and necessary, should be mentioned at the end of the discussion, and authors are allowed to describe the collaboration of people, institutions or acknowledgments for financial support and technical assistance that deserve recognition, but that do not justify their inclusion among the authors.


g) References

References must be numbered consecutively in the order of appearance in the text and formatted according to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, published in "Recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing and publication ofscholarlyworkin medical journals (ICMJE recommendations)", updated in 2013 and available at: www.icmje.org/icmje- recommendations.pdf. The portal style is Vancouver, AJR standard. In this case, references appear in square brackets[ ], right after the sentence to which they refer.

Any abbreviations used for the journals mentioned in the text must follow the PubMed standard.


Journal article

1. Monnier-CholleyL, Arrive L,PorcelA, et al. Characteristics of missed lung cancer on chest radiographs: a French experience.EurRadiol2001; 11:597-605

Note: When more than six authors are listed, cite the first three, followed by the expression et al. Up to six authors, all must be mentioned.

2. Renfrew DL, Franken EAJ,BerbaumKS,WeigeltFH, Abu-Yousef MM. Error in radiology: classification and lessons in 182 cases presented at a problem case conference. Radiology 1992; 183:145-150.



3. GuimarãesMD,ChojniakR. CBR - Oncologia. 1a ed. São Paulo: São Paulo. GEN Editora e Colégio Brasileiro de Radiologia; 2014.



4. D"IppolitoG,MugliaVF. Fígado, baço e Pâncreas In: Moreira F & Prando A, editores.

Fundamentos de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem. 2aed. São Paulo. GEN Editora e Colégio Brasileiro de Radiologia, 2014; p. 273-325.


Homepages/Electronic Addresses

5. Annual Report to the Nation on the Cancer Status [homepage on the Internet]. national

Cancer Institute (NIH)- Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program. Accessed in

12/27/2019. Available at: https://seer.cancer.gov/report_to_nation/

Examples of bibliographic citations are available online at:



References other than those mentioned above, such as abstracts,editorialsand letters, must be reported as such. It is the sole responsibility of the author(s) to ensure the accuracy of all listed references. Unpublished data and personal communications should not be included in the referencelist, butmay be cited in the text in parentheses: (Moore AD, personal communication), (Silva SC, unpublished data). In this case, data from works submitted but not yet accepted or accepted but not yet published may be included.


6.) Attachments (figures,videosand other documents)

Figures must be sent through the system separately. All figures must contain legends. The legend is expected to address the main findings contained in a figure. Figures are limited to ten (10) maximum and must be essential to show key features described in the manuscript. Arrows,lettersand symbols (asterisks, etc.) can be used for didactic purposes and for locating structures. In figures composed of two or more images (A, B, C, D...), each image is counted as a figure. Please limit to 1 or 2 images per figure.

Figures must be sent in the following specifications:

Maximum size of 8MB. The image and graphics format must be in PNG, JPG or TIFF. Images must have a DPI (Dots Per Inch) attribute equal to or greater than 300. Images must have a width equal to or greater than 1000 dots.

Videos must be in MP4 format.

Additional documents must be sent in PDF format.



Publication ethics

BRADCASES follows strict ethical standards in scientific publication/research. Authors are expected to follow international research ethics standards, such as those described by the Committee on Publications Ethics [1] - COPE (https://publicationethics.org/) and those of the World Association of MedicalJournalEditors[2]( www.wame.org).

Although much broader, the following topics are relevant in relation to ethics in scientific publication for the portal: authorship and academic plagiarism. Authors are urged to read carefully before submitting manuscripts.

A) Authorship

No specific criteria for authorship are assigned, but we suggest those described on the ICMJE website [3], which have been adapted in the text below. To be considered an author of the work, the researcher must:

to 1. Have made a significant contribution to the conception and/or design of thestudy;

a2. Have reviewed the draft of the manuscript, checking itcritically;

a3. Have contributed to the finalversion;

a4. To become responsible and accountable for all aspects of the accuracy and/or integrity of the data and/or announced results.


B) Plagiarism,duplicityand related topics

CBR reserves the right to use programs to detect academic plagiarism ("plagiarism") in reports submitted for review. Various types of plagiarism are checked,including:paraphrasing without proper credit to the author/authors; citation of data from other manuscripts, without mentioning the source; (unauthorized) copies of images, drawings, graphics and other visual content.

For more details on specific research ethics topics, the journal recommends reading/referring to the Council of Science Editors White Paper on Publication Ethics [4]. In the event of suspected ethical transgression, the CBR may carry out an investigation following the COPE guidelines [2], under the command of the Editor(s) who may conduct the case alone or form a committee. ad hoc.

The author(s) will be notified by email so they can present their claims.

If the suspicion of inappropriate conduct persists and depending on the outcome of the investigations, CBR may adopt one of the following measures:

a- if the report is still under evaluation, it may be rejected and returned to itsauthors;

b- if the report has already been published, depending on the nature and severity of the fact, it may be


 b1. An errata/correction, placed next to the article

 b2. In the most serious cases, the article may be retracted.



1. ICMJE, Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors,


2. Committee on Publications Ethics (COPE). https://publicationethics.org/.

3. World Association of Medical Journal Editors - WAME. (www.wame.org)


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